Intake of cruciferous vegetables, a rich source of dietary isothiocyanates, has been inversely associated with risk of bladder cancer. Due to the potent antiproliferative effects of dietary isothiocyanates on bladder cancer in in vitro and in vivo models, cruciferous vegetable intake may also play a role in survival among patients with bladder cancer. In a study done in New York consumption of raw versus cooked cruciferous vegetables was examined separately. A total of 239 bladder cancer patients were included in the study. After an average of 8 years of follow-up, 179 deaths occurred, with 101 deaths attributable to bladder cancer. After adjustment for other prognostic factors, a strong and significant inverse association was observed between bladder cancer mortality and broccoli intake, in particular raw broccoli intake. The researchers concluded intake of broccoli may improve bladder cancer survival. Further prospective investigation is warranted to confirm the potential role of cruciferous
vegetables in bladder cancer prognosis.